Focuses on the characters, dialect, customs, topography, and other features particular to a specific region to establish credibility and authenticity of regional characters.
"But long 'bout de een' er dat five year
dey come a stranger ter stop at de plantation. De fus' day he 'uz dere he went
out wid Mars Dugal' en spent all de mawnin' lookin' ober de vimya'd, en atter
dinner dey spent all de evenin' playin' kya'ds. De niggers soon 'skiver' dat he
wuz a Yankee, en dat he come down ter Norf C'lina fer ter learn de w'ite folks
how to raise grapes en make wine. He promus Mars Dugal' he cud make de
grapevimes b'ar twice't ez many grapes, en dat de noo wine-press he wuz
a-sellin' would make mo' d'n twice't ez many gallons er wine.
de, dat, dey, dere, d'n, wid... th sound not pronounced
ter, fer... oo, o or a sounds pronounced er in some southern states starting in the Carolinas (even today)
en... erosion of d sound
mo'... erosion of re ending sound
wuz, ez... longer vowell sound typical of southern states. eg. dog would be pronounced dawg
characters are marked by their adherence to the old ways, by dialect, and by
particular personality traits central to the region.
Here is an example of Louisianna Black English: